Tubular reactors are always used in a continuous flow mode with reagents flowing in and products being removed. They can be the simplest of all reactor designs. Tubular reactors are often referred to by other names:
- Pipe reactors
- Packed-bed reactors
- Trickle-bed reactors
- Bubble-column reactors
- Ebulating-bed reactors
Single-phase flow in a tubular reactor can be upward or downward. Two-phase flow can be co-current up-flow, counter-current (liquid down, gas up) or, most commonly, co-current down-flow.
Tubular reactors can have a single wall and be heated with an external furnace or they can be jacketed for heating or cooling with a circulating heat transfer fluid. External furnaces can be rigid, split-tube heaters or be flexible mantle heaters.
Tubular reactors are used in a variety of industries:
- Waste Treatment
- Specialty Chemical
- Alternative Energy
Tubular reactors are used in a variety of applications:
- Oxidative decomposition
- Partial oxidation
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